Everything You Need To Know About Depression Treatment

Debra Riley


It can be a grueling and incredibly difficult journey when you’re dealing with the symptoms of depression. The sadness, discouragement, and overall feeling of being overwhelmed seem all-consuming – making it an uphill battle to get through each day.

Thankfully, there is help available in the form of different treatments for managing depression and improving mental health overall.

If you’ve been looking for more information on your treatment options, this blog post will provide everything you need to know about using various therapies to reduce or alleviate your depressive symptoms.

We’ll look at the different types of therapies available as well as their benefits and downsides – helping you make informed decisions regarding your path toward recovery from depression.

depression treatment

Inpatient Stays

Inpatient treatment refers to a comprehensive, round-the-clock care program that requires one to stay at a mental health facility for a specified period. This treatment option is often recommended for individuals with severe depression or those at risk of causing harm to themselves or others.

The length of stay for depression inpatient treatment may vary from one person to another, but it typically lasts between 30 and 90 days. During this time, patients receive intensive therapy and support from mental health professionals, including psychiatrists, psychologists, and counselors.

Inpatient stays can provide a safe and structured environment for individuals to focus solely on their recovery without any distractions or stressors from the outside world.

Therapeutic Approaches

Numerous therapeutic approaches can be utilized in treating depression, each with its unique strategies and methodologies. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a popular option that focuses on identifying and challenging negative thought patterns that lead to depressive symptoms. It teaches individuals techniques to alter these thought patterns and improve their mood. 

Another common approach is Interpersonal Therapy (IPT), which targets the interpersonal relationships that may be contributing to an individual’s depression.

IPT helps individuals improve their communication and problem-solving skills, fostering healthier relationships and reducing depressive symptoms.

Psycho-dynamic therapy, on the other hand, seeks to uncover and address the deep-seated, unconscious conflicts that may be at the root of depression. This approach uses techniques such as free association and dream analysis.

Finally, there’s also Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), a therapeutic approach that combines cognitive therapy techniques with mindfulness strategies to prevent relapse in depression.

Medication Management

The management of medication is a critical aspect of depression treatment. Antidepressants are commonly prescribed to help manage the symptoms of depression. They function by regulating neurotransmitters, which are substances that influence mood and emotions in the brain.

Categories of antidepressants include Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs), atypical antidepressants, tricyclic antidepressants, and Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs). 

Each of these categories works differently to regulate your mood, and the choice of medication will depend on the severity of your depression, your health history, and the medication’s side effects.

Remember that these medications can take a few weeks to begin having an effect and should never be stopped abruptly without consulting with a medical professional.

This process, known as medication management, is typically overseen by your healthcare provider, who will prescribe the medication, monitor its efficacy, and adjust dosages as needed over time. 

patient in therapy session

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a proven, very successful, and long-lasting therapy. It focuses on identifying, understanding, and changing thought patterns and behaviors that lead to debilitating symptoms. This therapeutic approach breaks down larger, overwhelming issues into smaller, manageable parts and sets a practical course for tackling each one. 

The primary goal of CBT is to offer relief from current symptoms while also providing the patient with the tools necessary to handle future challenges without needing ongoing therapy.

This therapy is typically delivered in a structured manner and is often completed within 16 to 20 sessions. However, the length of treatment can vary based on the individual’s unique needs and progress.

It’s also important to note that a strong therapeutic relationship is vital in CBT, as it’s a collaborative effort between the therapist and the individual.

Mindfulness-Based Therapies

Mindfulness-based therapies are increasingly used in the treatment of depression. These therapies combine traditional cognitive therapy techniques with aspects of mindfulness, a state of active, open attention to the present.

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a common approach, designed specifically to prevent depressive relapse. The therapy involves methods like meditation, breathing exercises, and yoga to help individuals become more aware of their thoughts and feelings so they can manage them instead of being overwhelmed by them. 

The goal of mindfulness-based therapies is not to get rid of the thoughts considered negative or intrusive but to change our relationship with them.

This therapy emphasizes acceptance of all thoughts and feelings, positive or negative, as a way of breaking the cycle of depression and anxiety. Patients are taught to focus on the ‘here and now’, helping them to deal with their depression more effectively. 

The effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapies is supported by evidence from clinical trials, suggesting that it can help prevent depression recurrence, particularly for those who have experienced multiple episodes in the past.

However, while MBCT and other mindfulness-based therapies can be beneficial, it’s important to remember that they may not be suitable for everyone. As always, it’s essential to discuss your options with a healthcare professional to determine the best course of treatment.

person suffering from depression

Interpersonal Therapy

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) is another treatment option widely used for depression. This short-term therapy typically lasts between 12 to 16 weeks and focuses primarily on identifying and improving problematic interpersonal relationships that may be contributing to one’s depressive symptoms. 

IPT is based on the premise that improving communication patterns and the ways individuals relate to others can significantly alleviate the symptoms of depression.

While it may not directly change the immediate mood, it can equip individuals with the necessary skills to handle future problems, ultimately leading to improved mood and interpersonal functioning.

The therapeutic process in IPT involves four key stages: problem identification, addressing the problem, using therapeutic strategies to resolve the problem, and finally, termination and prevention of relapse.

The issues addressed during IPT sessions typically fall into one of four categories: grief, role disputes, role transitions, or interpersonal deficits.

To Finish Off

There are various approaches to treating depression, including inpatient stays, therapeutic techniques, medication management, and different forms of psychotherapy. The treatment that works best for one individual may not work for another as depression is complex and affects individuals differently.

It’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable course of action for your unique needs.